The Anabaptists believed that the kingdoms of this world anchored on the use of coercion clashed with the peaceable kingdom of God.
By 1660 some Swiss Anabaptists had migrated north to the Alsace region of present-day France, which borders southwestern Germany.
Ammann's followers, eventually called Amish, soon became another sect in the Anabaptist family.
Searching for political stability and religious freedom, the Amish came to North America in two waves—in the mid-1700s and again in the first half of the 1800s.
The Amish are one of the more distinctive and colorful cultural groups across the spectrum of American pluralism.
Their rejection of automobiles, use of horse-drawn farm machinery, and distinctive dress set them apart from the high-tech culture of modern life.
He proposed holding communion twice a year rather than the typical Swiss practice of once a year.
Extinct in their European homeland, today they live in more than 200 settlements in 22 states and the Canadian province of Ontario.To promote doctrinal purity and spiritual discipline Ammann forbade fashionable dress and the trimming of beards, and he administered a strict discipline in his congregations.Appealing to New Testament teachings, Ammann advocated the shunning of excommunicated members.The more conservative guardians of the heritage became known as the Old Order Amish.In the twentieth century some Old Order Amish, hankering again after modern conveniences, formed congregations of New Order Amish in the 1960s.